Car Showrooms Re-Open Safely (but car finance may still be a health hazard)
Buying a new car is always an event, whether it is a brand new car with three miles on the clock, or a ‘new to you’ with a previous owner that was, you hope, every bit as careful as the dealer promised. A few years ago, the launch of the new registration plate was such an event that dealerships would hold a ‘champagne reception’ at midnight for those purchasing a brand-new car. (I always thought they were on to a good thing as their customers were hardly going to be in the position to take full advantage of the free champagne if they were about to drive off in a new car).
Today, 1st June car showrooms are opening for the first time in almost three months, for many the economic situation may still seem too fragile to take on major expenditure but for others purchasing a car, even at this time, may be a necessity. A replacement for an existing car that is already on borrowed time; a new post in a rural area or perhaps like me you are contemplating a world where you are commuting by car some of the time rather than public transport all the time? But unless you have a few thousand stashed away in your sock drawer then you have to negotiate the many and varied ways of securing a car on credit along with around 80% of all new car buyers.
Almost every car dealer will offer you car finance – it's a big source of profit for many of them – and the choice can be confusing. However, despite the headline rates and promotional offers, financing your car purchase through the dealer is not necessarily the cheapest option. A few years ago car finance automatically meant hire purchase but now there are a number of different ways, personal loans, leasing, and even credit cards to help you drive away the car of your dreams but I’m just going to look at one of them; the most popular and perhaps the one with the most pitfalls.
The Personal Contract Plan, ideal if you want to keep repayments low and change your car regularly. Often advertised with headline monthly repayments that seem almost giveaway. The PCP has three components:
· the deposit – the percentage value that you can afford to put down
· the monthly repayment – determined by the size of the deposit and the cost of the finance (typically between 7% and 14% APR)
· the final lump sum (balloon payment) – the amount you defer; set by the finance company, officially called the minimum guaranteed future value. The lender guarantees that your car will be worth that amount at the end of the contract. Providing – and here it gets messy – you have correctly estimated your mileage (if not you'll be charged say, 10p a mile for each mile above the estimate) and the car is in good condition – any damage will be charged to you. There is also a recognised issue with lenders exaggerating the future value of the car in order to offer cheaper monthly instalments.
Drawbacks? Well problems seem to arise when the contract ends and you are faced with one of three options:
· Pay the deferred sum and keep the car – If you decide to purchase the car you will usually find that the PCP has worked out more expensive than a personal loan – particularly if you need to take a loan to meet the final payment.
· Sell the car privately to fund the final payment – selling a used car always has risks, and buyers are now very wary of buying a second hand car that may have thousands of pounds of debt attached to it.
· Hand the car back to the dealer – the obvious answer but can also cause problems. If the car has no equity in it then there is nothing to deposit on a new car. E.g. £4000 balloon payment and car returned to the dealer for £4000 so no deal available for a new car. Likewise, a car handed back may be considered to have no equity in it but this does not prevent the dealer from selling it on for more than the guaranteed future value. All’s fair in car finance.
It's worth saying that if you know you want to change your car every two or three years, and are not dependent on the resale value for the deposit for a new one, PCP will give you low monthly payments. But, if you suspect you will want to hang on to it, for whatever reason PCP is almost always more expensive than a personal loan. Plus the payments on a personal loan will come to an end, and unless you have bought a complete turkey you could enjoy quite a large window where the only outgoings on the vehicle are the tax, insurance, MOT and annual service. Allowing you to put money away in your sock drawer (by sock drawer I mean credit union account) towards your next dream car.